What Are The Common Complications After Wisdom Teeth Removal?

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Wisdom teeth removal cost, also known as third molar extraction, is a common dental procedure performed to alleviate pain and prevent potential complications associated with impacted or partially erupted wisdom teeth. While the majority of wisdom teeth extractions are straightforward and result in minimal complications, there are some potential risks and complications that patients should be aware of. In this article, we will discuss the common complications that may arise after wisdom teeth removal.


Post-Operative Pain And Swelling:


One of the most common complications following wisdom teeth removal is post-operative pain and swelling. The extraction of impacted or partially erupted wisdom teeth involves the removal of bone and soft tissue, which can result in localized inflammation and discomfort. It is normal to experience pain and swelling in the days following the procedure, and most patients find relief through the use of prescribed pain medications and cold compresses.




Infection is a potential complication that can occur after wisdom teeth removal. The extraction site is susceptible to bacterial contamination, which can lead to an infection known as dry socket or alveolar osteitis. Dry socket occurs when the blood clot that forms after tooth extraction becomes dislodged or dissolves prematurely, exposing the underlying bone and nerves.

Signs of infection after wisdom teeth removal include severe pain that worsens a few days after the procedure, a foul odor or taste in the mouth, and visible bone in the extraction site. The affected area may also appear inflamed and swollen. If any of these symptoms arise, it is crucial to seek immediate dental attention.

To reduce the risk of infection, it is essential to follow the post-operative instructions provided by the oral surgeon or dentist. This includes keeping the extraction site clean by gently rinsing with warm saltwater, avoiding vigorous rinsing or spitting, and not using straws or smoking, as these activities can dislodge the blood clot.

In cases where infection does occur, treatment may involve gently cleaning the extraction site and placing a dressing with medicated gauze to promote healing and alleviate pain. Antibiotics may also be prescribed to control the infection.

By adhering to proper oral hygiene practices, attending follow-up appointments, and promptly reporting any signs of infection, patients can minimize the risk of complications and promote a smooth recovery after wisdom teeth removal.


Nerve Damage:


Nerve damage is a rare but potentially serious complication that can occur during wisdom teeth removal. The inferior alveolar nerve, which provides sensation to the lower lip, chin, and tongue, runs in close proximity to the roots of the lower wisdom teeth. During the extraction process, there is a small risk of the nerve getting bruised, stretched, or damaged, leading to temporary or, in rare cases, permanent numbness, tingling, or altered sensation in the affected areas.

While the majority of nerve injuries resolve over time, it is crucial to report any abnormal sensations to the oral surgeon or dentist immediately. They can assess the situation and provide appropriate guidance and support. In some cases, referral to a specialist may be necessary for further evaluation and management.

To minimize the risk of nerve damage, it is essential to choose an experienced. And skilled oral surgeon or dentist to perform the procedure. They will take precautions and employ techniques to avoid unnecessary trauma to the nerves. Open communication with the dental professional regarding any pre-existing conditions or concerns can also help reduce the likelihood of complications.


Sinus Problems:


Wisdom teeth located in the upper jaw are situated close to the maxillary sinuses. Which are air-filled cavities in the skull. During the removal of upper wisdom teeth. There is a potential risk of creating a communication between the oral cavity and the sinus cavity. This can result in sinus problems such as sinus infections, sinus congestion, or a condition known as oroantral fistula. Where a persistent connection between the oral cavity and sinus remains. Patients may experience symptoms such as pain, swelling. Nasal discharge, or difficulty breathing through the nose. In most cases, this complication can be managed with appropriate treatment and preventive measures.




Bleeding is a common occurrence after wisdom teeth removal, but excessive or prolong bleeding can be a complication. It is normal to experience some bleeding in the first 24 hours after the procedure. Which can be control by biting down on a gauze pad placed over the extraction site. However, if bleeding persists or becomes severe. It may indicate a complication such as inadequate blood clot formation or damage to blood vessels. Patients experiencing excessive bleeding should contact their oral surgeon or orthodontic experts immediately for further evaluation and management.




wisdom teeth removal is a common dental procedure that can alleviate pain and prevent potential complications. While complications can occur, they are relatively rare, and most patients recover smoothly without any significant issues.

Infection, although uncommon, is another potential complication. Patients should be vigilant about maintaining proper oral hygiene. And following post-operative care instructions to minimize the risk of infection, particularly dry socket.

Nerve damage is a rare but serious complication that can result in temporary or. In rare cases, permanent numbness or altered sensation in the affected areas. Close monitoring and skillful surgical techniques can help minimize this risk.

For upper wisdom teeth removal, there is a potential risk of sinus problems, such as infections or oroantral fistula. However, with appropriate treatment and preventive measures, these complications can be effectively managed.

Excessive or prolonged bleeding can indicate a complication. That requires immediate attention from a dental professional.

Overall, patients should consult with their oral surgeon or dentist prior to the extraction. To discuss potential complications and prepare for a smooth recovery. By following post-operative instructions. Maintaining good oral hygiene, and seeking prompt medical attention if necessary. Patients can minimize the likelihood of complications and ensure a successful healing process.